Apple Industry At-a-Glance
Annual U.S. Apple Crop Stats
The United States has 7,500 apple producers who, collectively, grow 240 million bushels of apples on average each year on 322 thousand total acres of land. The farm-gate revenue, or wholesale value, of the U.S. apple crop annually is close to $4 billion, with a predicted additional $15 billion related downstream economic activity each year.
Top 10 Apple-Producing States
Apples are grown commercially in 32 states. The 10 top apple-producing states are: Washington, New York, Michigan, Pennsylvania, California, Virginia, North Carolina, Oregon, Ohio, Idaho.
Raw vs. Processed
67 percent of the U.S. crop is grown for fresh consumption, while 33 percent is used for processing, such as apple juices, applesauce, and fresh slices.
Types of Apples Grown in U.S.
The United States grows around 200 unique apple varieties, with more than 100 readily available in retail stores. Numerous “heirloom” varieties are also grown in backyards and commercially for niche markets like you-pick farms, roadside stands, and farmers markets.
Top 10 varieties produced in U.S.
The top 10 varieties produced in the U.S. are: Gala, Red Delicious, Granny Smith, Fuji, Honeycrisp, Golden Delicious, McIntosh, Rome, Cripps Pink/Pink Lady®, Empire
Top 10 varieties sold in U.S.
The top 10 apple varieties sold in the U.S. are: Gala, Red Delicious, Fuji, Granny Smith, Honeycrisp, Golden Delicious, McIntosh, Cripp’s Pink/Pink Lady®, Braeburn, Jazz®.
U.S. Is Second Worldwide
The United States is the world´s second-largest producer of apples behind China. U.S. production is followed by Poland, Italy, and France, respectively.
Approximately one of every four fresh apples grown in the United States is exported. Top export markets for U.S.- grown apples in 2017/18 were: Mexico, India, Canada, Taiwan, Indonesia, Vietnam, United Arab Emirates, Hong Kong, Saudi Arabia, Dominican Republic
The United States also imports fresh apples—predominately from the Southern Hemisphere—to keep grocery shelves stocked late season just before our fall harvest. Approximately five percent of fresh apples consumed in the U.S. are imported. The top sources of imports are Chile, Canada and New Zealand